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IMPORTANT FACTORS FOR A SUCCESSFUL

CANARY KEEPING AND BREEDING - INTRODUCTION

The Calcium reserves of a Zeba Finch Scientist reported that zebra finches will deplete the calcium reserve after the 5th egg. The study showed a five-egg clutch has a total calcium requirement of 89 mg, but the total calcium reserve of a female is only 90 mg.
RAZA ESPAÑOLA CANARY/ SPANISH RAZA - History - Standard Description
RASMI BOLAND CANARY - History - Characteristics & Standard

Lighting, Temperature & Feeding – the most important

factors for a successful Canary keeping and breeding

Introduction

The light sensitivity of a canary is a very special and important feature, which we must take into account when keeping and breeding. Failure to do so may lead to disorders in the metabolism that is responsible for maintaining bodily functions. Health problems are then the consequences. The natural annual process of a canary bird is divided into 3 periods: Breeding season - Moulting season - Resting season. The transition to the individual periods depends on the hormone balance, which is influenced by the duration of daylight. Therefore, the right duration of daylight is very important for all processes in the body.  Today's canary is a domesticated form that does not exist in the wild. It comes from the Atlantic canary (Serinus canaria), which is originating from the Macaronesian Islands (the Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands). To the Canary Islands belongs seven main islands are (Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, La Gomera and El Hierro). The archipelago includes also some smaller islands and islets.

The Climate of Canary Islands

The Canary Islands have due to the geographical location a relatively mild climate, being located on the Atlantic Ocean, just north of the Tropic, a short distance from the coast of Morocco and Western Sahara, in a stretch of sea where a cool current flows; they are also subject to the trade winds, which blow constantly from the north east. Along the coasts, the daily average temperatures in January and February are around 18°C (64°F), while those of July, August and September are around 24°C (75°F). In summer, the daytime temperatures on the eastern islands (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura) are highest with an average of 28/29°. On the other hand, the peaks of summer heat are about 33/34°C (91/93°F) in El Hierro, the Western most and most sheltered, 37/38 °C (99/100 °F) in La Palma, and 40 °C (104 °F) and also more in the other islands. The day length is about 10,5 hours in December and January, and about 14 hours in June/July. Here is the ancestor of the domesticated canary home. If we first look at this data, the importance of duration of light and temperature becomes immediately clear.
Urucum Canary/Red Beak Canary - History  - Characteristics
Bec Jaune/Yellow Beak Canary - History & Characteristics