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The Phaeo Mutation in Canaries This mutation was bred in 1964 by the breeder Jean Pierre Ceuppens from Belgium in the brown series. Special feature is the reduction or inhibition of the eumelanin, furthermore the appearance of a very dark brown phaeomelanin and showing marked contrast within a spangled effect design. The spangles are regular and well distributed and extend from  above the beak down to the rump and don't have an effect of clear white lines. The markings on the head and flanks are equal. The spangle effect in intensive canaries are more less well defined than in the non- intensive phaeos. A special appearance in phaeo males is the brown eumelanin extends from above the beak and the facial mask of lipochrome mixed with brown meanin. This distinctive feature we also can see on the chest. The edges of the wings and tail feathers show as much brown as possible. Eumelanin black is not present. The legs, claws and beak are clear and the eyes are red. The Phaeo mutation is autosomal recessive  inherited. To obtain the maximum expression of the brown phaeomelanins, is the mating with brown canaries recommended.
Note: The whole appearance of the Phaeo mutation is better in the brown series. The mutation phaeo can be bred with canaries of the black, brown and also agate and isabel series. The appearance of the typical phaeo characteristics are in the agate and isabel from poor quality. Agate phaeo and isabell phaeo canaries look like lipochrom canaries with red eyes, a result of the reduction of black to agate and and brown to isabell melanins. The typical phaeo spangles are blurred.

                                                                                The Mutation Phaeo of the Black series

The Phaeo canary of the black series does not differ significantly in the melanin color from the phaeo canary in the brown series. However, the melanin is not completely displaced in the area around the quill. The black phaeo shows also in this area brown melanin. Because of the additional melanin are the characteristic spangles not clearly as in the brown series. This is one reason for the fact that in exhibitions for phaeos of the black series a classification is not set. The underflue is black. The legs, claws and beak are clear and the eyes are red, similar to the phaeo canaries of the brown series. To obtain the maximum expression of the phaeomelanins, is the mating with canaries of the black series recommended.
Spangles of a Phaeo Red Mosaic Type1