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Nonclassical Melanin Canary


                       THE MELANIN CANARY

The breeding of Melanin canaries is even more versatile and interesting, because of the already existing mutations and combinations. Melanin Canaries are divided into two groups:  Classical Melanin  Nonclassical Melanin

                       The Classical Melanin Canary

Classical melanin canaries are also divided into two groups:   1. OXIDIZED MELANIN CANARIES (black and brown) 2. DILUTE MELANIN CANARIES (agate and isabel)


The oxidized melanin canaries have a maximum expression of eumelanin which forms long, wide and unbroken striations. The ground colour that lies in between the striations is evenly distributed and clear. The shoulders, wing and tail feathers are solely coloured with eumelanin, with the exception of a fine edging that shows the ground colour. Clear areas of melanin are not allowed. - BLACK/BRONZE: The main features of the black canaries are the black feathers (maximum oxidization), generally in the wings and tail. Phaeomelanin is complete absent. The striations are long, wide and unbroken. In intensive canaries are the striations slightly less wide. Beak, legs and claws are black.    - BROWN/CINNAMON:  In brown canaries is the black eumelanin deleted. The melanin colour is very dark brown and consistently so throughout the plumage.The striations are long, wide and unbroken similar to black. Beak, legs and claws are brown. In brown canaries the lipochrome can appear al little dull. All brown chicks will be born with pink eyes, however the eyes will become so dark as the birds get older.  


The dilute melanin canaries show a reduction of eumelanin which forms a finer design of striations than the striations of oxidezed melanin canaries. Clear areas of melanin are also not allowed. - AGATE: Agate is the dilution of BLACK. Phaeomelanin brown is absent. The striations on the back and flanks are exhibit fine, short and broken. The wing and tail feathers show a pearl grey edge. A particularly special feature are the head pattern: At the top of the beak and in the eyebrow is the pigment so diluted so as just to show the lipochrome colour (yellow, red or white). And we can see a well defined moustache (also called agate moustache) in a contrast against the clear area of the cheek. Beak, legs and claws are flesh coloured. - ISABEL: Isabel is the dilution of BROWN. Phaeomelanin brown is absent. Beak, legs and claws are flesh coloured. The narrow striations are beige, short and broken, similar to agate. The contrast between melanin and the ground colour allowed the ground colour to appear. Above the beak and around eyebrows we can see a slight reduction of the ground colour. Wing and tail feathers show a clear beige colour throughout the whole feather with the exception of a fine lipochrome edging to the tip of the feather.

Additional Factors in Melanin Canaries

A special feature of Agate canaries is the Agate Moustache