BIRDS2U
info Home Bird Care & Nutrition Birdblog Bird Diseases Birds2u Database Birds2u Online-Store Birds for sale Gallery Recommended Links Contact Book Descriptions Site Map

HISTORIC MILESTONES IN THE

BREEDING OF GOULDIAN FINCHES

1838  The first description of a Gouldian Finch has been made by John Gould on an ornithological Australia expedition. 1839, April The first scientific name was given from Jacques Bernard Hombron and Honroe Jacquinot. They named the Gouldian Finch “Poephile admirable”, after they found three specimens of Black-headed Gouldian Finches. 1841 John Gould's wife Elizabeth died after an expedition to Australia. In honor of his wife, he calls the Gouldians “Lady Gouldian Finch”. She lithographed for the first time Gouldian Finches. 1844  John Gould classifies the Gouldian Finch in the genus “Amadina gouldiae”,  because he described the Gouldian Finch first before Jacques Bernard Hombron and Honroe Jacquinot. That's why the classification was him allowed. 1862 Because of the unique appearance of the Gouldian Finch in the approximately 130 kinds comprehensive family of Australian finches, Reichenbach classified the Gouldian Finch in the genus “Chloebia”. In this classification was only the species Gouldian Finch represented. 1876 The first yellow-headed Gouldian Finch was collected by W.G. Armit at Four Mile Creek, Dunrobin, near Georgetown, North Queensland.  1886 The first successful Australian breeder was Dr. E. P. Ramsay. He named the yellow-headed Gouldian Finches Phoephila armitana”. 1887 The first Red-headed and Black-headed Gouldian Finches were imported to Europe. Another classification for the Gouldian Finches has been made by Dr. Karl Ruß: “Spermestes gouldiae”. 1888 The first successful breeder in England was Mr. Reginald Philips. 1891 Mr. Reginald Phillips bred Gouldian Finches in England and proved that the three head colors of the Gouldian Finches were from the same species. 1896-1897  The first Gouldian Finches were exhibited in Berlin/Germany 1899 Red-headed Females with Black feathering on their heads were considered to be Melanistic. 1915 Europe import Yellow-headed Gouldian Finches. 1930 (around) Mr. Hans Catt in Carlington, Sydney/ Australia had the first Lutinos, which were wild caught in the late 1930's. All Lutinos had bad eyesight. 1936 The first Hybrid “Blue Face Parrot Finch x Gouldian Finch”  was bred by K. Kleineidan in Riesa/Germany. He sold the hybrid to the Zoological Museum/ Copenhagen. 1938 Gouldian Finches with blue streaks in the chest and a greenish-yellow feathering were reported and bred by the breeder Keston at the Foreign Bird Farm in United Kingdom. The report was not established. 1940 (around) More Red-headed Lutinos were reported in Sydney/Australia. Also about white chest and yellow body Gouldian Finches were reported in Australia. 1941 The first “Australian dilute-back” Gouldian Finches were reported by E. Waite in Upper Paddington, Queensland/Australia. 1945 More dilute-back Gouldian Finches were reportet in two aviaries in Queensland/Australia. The characteristics of the “Australian dilute-back” Gouldian’s are cream wings and back, the remainder of the plumage appears normal, the patch on upper throat and also the head band are white. This mutation inherited autosomal recessive and is only bred in Australia. The difference between the pastel-green or also called dilute-green, which was bred the first time in 1979 in Netherland is, that the Australien dilute-back mutation has a lighter green colour and the dilute-green from the Netherland is co-dominant sex-linked. The breeder Mr. Knuckley from Adelaide/ Australia got a Lutino Gouldian from green parents. The breeder Mr. Knuckley from Adelaide/Australia bred a Lutino Gouldian Finch from green parents.

Historic Milestones in the breeding of

Gouldian Finches…

…  a historical overview with important datas

© by Wekrue WebDesign 2015
1946 Report about Blue-backed Gouldian Finches in Sydney/Austrarlia. 1949 Report about Gouldian Finches with a green head, bred by the breeder Leonard Webber. This report was never established. 195o (around) Report that white-breasted Gouldians were bred by the breeder Fred Carew in Sydney/Australia and also in South Africa. Report about Lutinos in Campbelltown/Australia. The plumage of the Lutinos was butter yellow with red heads. Report about Albinos in Australia Report about blue-backed Gouldian Finches were caught from wild birds in Australia. This “Australian Blue” is teal-blue and autosomal recessive. 1953 Report about blue-back Gouldians in Sydney/Australia. 1954 Report about white-breasted Gouldians in South Australia. 1955 Blue-backed Gouldians were successful bred by Ray Murray in Sydney. 1957/58 Report that three Lutinos were caught in the wild. 1958 In Australia was reported that 50 Lutino Gouldian Finches existed, but later all died. The Lutino mutation disappeared in captivity. 55 birdcatchers caught 27,000 Gouldian Finches near Kimberly/Australia. Not more than 400 survived. 1959 Report that a Gouldian Finch with yellow wings, pale-green back, white breast and a brown mask was bred by the breeder H. R Gilbert in the United Kingdom. After the moulting the bird got overall white plumage. Though the report was not confirmed. 1960,01.01 A historical turning point:  Australia imposed an export ban of all kind of animals, of course Gouldian Finches. This law is also valid for in captivity bred animals. 1960 (around) Report about Lutino Gouldians in Japan. Report about more blue-backed Gouldian Finches with a teal-blue colour were caught from the wild in Australia. 1962 Report that white-breasted Gouldian Finches were bred in South Africa 1965 Report that white-breasted Gouldian Finches (first appeared 1950 in Australia and South Africa) were bred by the breeder F. Barnicoat. 1966  Report about a cream body Gouldian Finch with a white breast, white wings, a tangerine head, flecked with grey, and pink legs. This report from Australia was not established. 1967 Report about fallow red-eyed Gouldians in Japan. The fallow mutation in Gouldians is autosomal recessive. Mr. F. Barnicoat, South Africa, bred the three head colours in the white- breasted Gouldians and published an articel about the white-breasted Gouldian Finches. Mr. F. Barnicoat exported white-breasted Gouldian Finches to Netherland. 1969 Mr. F. Barnicoat, South Africa, exported white-breasted Gouldian Finches to England (breeder R. A. Eggington), France and Italy. 1970 (around) Report about blue-breasted Gouldians in the USA, Europe, South Africa and Australia. At this time it was not proved that the appearance of the blue- breasted Gouldian Finches was a mutation. It was thought to be an over- melanization. 1970 White-breasted Gouldians exported from South Africa to England (breeder Eric Cooper). 1973 Two reports about fawn Gouldian Finches (breeder Keith Thompson, Melbourne and L. Koenig, Ararat/Australia. They didn’t have pink eyes. The report was not established.  Also another report about the appearance of fawn Gouldians in two aviaries in Melbourne was not established. 1974 The Gouldian Finch population in the wild reduced suddenly. 1976 Report from the United Kingdom that 21 Breeders had white-breasted Gouldian Finches. Report about exports of white-breasted Gouldian Finches from South Africa and England to the USA. 1977 The “Australian Blue” mutation and the “European Blue” mutation appeared the same time. The difference is that the “Australian Blue” has more green in the plumage at the back. Report about blue-backed Gouldians appeared in the Netherland. The report was established. USA imported white-breasted Gouldian Finches. 1978 Report about the lilac chest Gouldian Finch. An English breeder had been bred two white chested gouldian finches and got a male with the appearance of a lilac chest. For a long time this phenomenon has not  been confirmed as a mutation and was also not popular. Read more about the lilac breast muation ...> Report about an “Australian white-breasted yellow Gouldian Finch” with a yellow head in Australia. 1979 The SF pastel-green Gouldian Finch appears in Netherland. (later named as “diluted green”). First it was thought, that it was the same as the dilute- back Gouldian Finch mutation in Australia (a recessive mutation). Later it was proved that it was a sex-linked mutation and not the same as the dilute-back mutation in Australia. And another difference is, that the Australien dilute-back Mutation has a lighter green colour. 1980 (around) Report that blue-breasted Gouldians were bred by the breeder Herschel Frey in USA. 1982 Report that white-breasted and also lilac-breasted  Gouldian Finches  were bred by the breeder John Sammut in Sydney/Australia. Report that a Lutino Gouldian Finch in the Netherland was offered for sale. The bird had a red head and was all yellow. Only one of this mutation existed. The Netherland bird magazin “Vriends” reports later (1991) that Lutinos with red and yellow heads had been established by the Netherland breeder G. Megens. This mutation had been established in Australia (around 1960) and was not sex-linked. G. Megens had crossed the Lutino with pastel to produce an Albino Gouldian Finch. This is probable the Fallow gene, the same appeared in Japan in the late 1960's. 1983 The first Gouldian Finches were exported from France to Cuba.  1984 Report about yellow Gouldians in the Netherland, which appeared in 1979. Price for each one: $1000,--. Report that blue-breasted Gouldian Finches were available in small numbers in the USA and Europe, with prices typically three or more times the cost of normal Gouldians. Report that yellow-headed Gouldian Finches in the USA were firmly established in the USA. Report that white-breasted Gouldian Finches had been firmly established in the USA. The price is twice to three times higher than the normal. Report that lilac-breasted Gouldian Finches were available in small numbers in the USA and England. Reports about special colour appearance, inter alia: - red-breasted Gouldians in South Africa - black-breasted Gouldians in Germany - Gouldians with black backs and wings - Gouldians with red between the breast and stomach Report that the first dilute (pastel) blue Gouldian Finch appeared in USA. The bird was bred by the breederTerry Dunham. 1985 Report that blue-breasted Gouldians are becoming popular in the USA. The species Gouldian Finch was classified in the genus  “Chloebia Gouldiae”. Report about purple-breasted and also white-breasted blue back Gouldian Finches. Reports about more special colour appearance, inter alia: black-headed white-breasted Gouldian Finches with patchy turquoise blue colour among the green feathers. Report that dilute back Gouldians were bred in South Africa and Australia. This mutation appeared first in the Netherland 1979 and is co-dominant sex- linked. (On the contrary: the Dilute Back in Australia is autosomal recessive). Report about the first yellow Gouldian breeding in the USA by Terry Dunham. 1986 (around) - 1987 Report that Australia has the “European Yellow/Pastel”, which is sex-linked like the European Pastel Green mutation and an Australian Pastel, which is autosomal recessive. Australia also has the “Australian dilute-back muation”, which is autosomal recessive and the “Australian white-breasted yellow muation, which is also autosomal recessive. 1986 Report that several breeders in the United Kingdom were able to establish the lilac brest mutation Read more about the lilac breast muation ...> Report that a red-headed pied Gouldian Finch was bred by Phil Thompson in Australia. The species Gouldian Finch was classified in the family of birds “Estrilidae”. 1987  Report that the first silver Gouldian Finch in the USA was bred by Mr. Terry Dunham. 1988 Report about export of Gouldians from Venezuela to Cuba. 1990 (around) Report about the existence of sea-green Gouldian Finches in Australia, Europe and USA. 1990 It was stated that the genetics of all Gouldian Finch mutations could be completely determined (except the three head colors and the white-breasted and lilac-breasted). Read more about the genetic of Gouldian Finches ...> Report that a black-headed, blue-backed Gouldian Finch, bred by the breeder Mr. Robert Lynd, New Lambton/ Newcastle/ Australia, from green parents. The report was not established, because the bird died. Report that Lutino Gouldian Finches were bred in Belgium. Report that the “Australian yellow-pastel mutation” is sex-linked (alike the “European Pastel Green mutation”).   Report that the “Australian Dilute Back” is autosomal recessive, Report that the “Australian White Breasted Yellow mutation” is autosomal recessive. Report that the “Australian Pastel” is autosomal recessive. Report that the blue-backed Gouldians were not firmly established in Australia (until 1995). Report that the “Australian Blue” gene (teal-blue) is autosomal recessive. Report that the “Australian blue-backed mutation” is darker blue than the “European Blue”, but also autosomal recessive. 1991 Report that sea-green Gouldian Finches appeared in Australia. Report that a silver (pastel-blue) Gouldian Finch was the result of breeding dilute x blue Gouldian Finches. Report that a lilac-breasted Gouldian Finch appeared in Australia. Report that white-breasted Lutino Gouldian Finches with yellow heads and yellow bodies were bred by G. Megens/Netherland. Report that Albino Gouldian Finches was bred by G. Megens/Netherland. Report that white Gouldians with dark eyes appeared in the Netherlands. 1992 All Lutino Gouldians in Belgium were sold to Japan. The species Gouldian Finch in the wild was classified as endangered. 1993 Report that Cinnamon Gouldians were bred by Daniel Wildemeersch/ Belgium. Mr. Wildemeersch reported that this mutation is sex-linked, but had a high death rate. 1994 The English breeder Graham Tulk established Dark Factor Gouldians. Report that blue-backed (teal-blue) Gouldian Finches were established in Australia. Blue-backed Gouldians from Australia were first caught from wild birds and not similar to the blue-backed in Europe. They were last seen in 1970's, and then appeared again in 1990. 1995 (around) Report that a variegated Gouldian Finch from the cross of split blue Gouldian and a split Australian Yellow bird was bred, but the bird was of a weak genetic structure, no young were obtained. 1999 Report that in Japan 10 breeder have Lutino and Albino Gouldians. 2003 Report that the the first black-headed Lutino in the USA was bred by the breeder Cindy Godwin. 2005 Report that different “Ino genes” exist. (the “Japanese fallow gene”, and a Europe and USA sex-linked gene”). The “Japanese Ino Gouldian Finches” exists only in small numbers. The first Lutino Gouldian Finch (female) in USA was bred by the Delmar Gouldian Aviary. This Lutino female had a yellow head. Report that the lilac-breasted Gouldian Finches are bred worldwide and also accepted as a mutation: To the purple breast is the lilac breast autosomal recessive heritable. To the white breast is the breast chest autosomal dominant heritable. Read more about the Genetic of Gouldian Finches ...> Report about Lime Gouldians in Australia. This mutation is sex-linked recessive and alike the cinnamon mutation. Report that the “Australian dilute mutation” and the “Australian yellow white-breasted mutation” are only found in Australia. Both mutations are autosomal recessive. Report that the Cinnamon mutation is not firmly established in Europe. Dark Factor Gouldian Finches were reported in the United Kingdom. The “Dark Factor” is co-dominant. England reported Inos with black heads and white breasts 2007 A black-headed Lutino Gouldian Finch wins in a Belgian Exhibition. The first “USA red-headed Lutino” female was bred by the Delmar Gouldian Aviary.
2010 Report that black-headed Inos with white breasts were bred. Report that the first red-headed Lutino male were bred in the USA. Also the first yellow-headed Lutino male in the USA were bred. Both males were bred by the Delmar Gouldian Aviary. Report that Lutino Gouldian Finches with black heads, tan heads, brown heads and also white breasts were bred in Germany. Report that  Gouldian Inos with black heads, tan heads, brown heads and white breasts and also red eyes were bred in Bahrain. Report that red-headed Gouldian Inos with a white breast were bred in Spain. 2011 Report that the first yellow-headed and black-headed Albino females were bred by the Delmar Gouldian Aviary in the USA. Report that the first black-headed Lutino Gouldian Finches were bred in America by the Delmar Gouldian Aviary. Both birds were females. Report that red-headed Gouldian Inos with a white breast were bred in Germany. Report that “Cuban Inos” (originated from Spain) came to the USA. The “Cuban Inos” have black heads, tan heads and brown heads with a white breast, also red eyes and darkish yellow bodies. The IUCN Red List classified the Gouldian Finch in the category Near Threatened”. This means the species Gouldian Finch is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future. 2012  Report about an Albino Gouldian with tan head in Israel. 2013 2014 2015 2016 Report from Facebook with pictures about a blue cinnamon Gouldian with a purple breast and a blue head. Report from Facebook about a new mutation in South-Africa: The edge blue Gouldian Finch. Discuss in Facebook that many pictures about special colour or mutations in Gouldian Finches are fakes. The first organized Gouldian Finch club in Thailand with the name GOULDIAN FINCH BREEDER CLUB THAILAND” was founded and sets the official statutes. Report in Facebook from 17.10.2016 about a new mutation in Gouldian Finches: The “Marbled-backed, yellow and white-rumped Gouldian Finch” by Manny De Freitas/ South Africa. Images prove the existence of the new Gouldian Finch mutation. Discussion in Facebook about the currently occurring reports of “Pied Gouldian Finches”. All of pied Gouldian Finches seemed to be females. It is not yet determined whether mutation or modification. 2016, October The Gouldian Finch breeder Polys Kadis from Cyprus bought a Pied Gouldian Finch from the Netherland. After he showed the images in Facebook, a discussion about pied Gouldian Finches started in a Facebook group from the Netherland, because of the worldwide frequent occurrence of this phenomenon. The pied Gouldian in Cyprus has symmetrical patterns on the back. This appearance was never seen before. Now one is waiting for the proof that the phenomenon is a mutation.
                                                                                 COLOUR DESCRIPTIONS                                                                                  OF THE GOULDIAN FINCH:  GREEN COLOUR (NORMAL), PURPLE CHEST  GREEN COLOUR (NORMAL), WHITE CHEST  GREEN COLOUR (NORMAL), LILAC CHEST  SINGLE FACTOR PASTEL GREEN, PURPLE    CHEST  SINGLE FACTOR PASTEL GREEN, WHITE CHEST  SINGLE FACTOR PASTEL GREEN, LILAC CHEST  DOUBLE FACTOR PASTEL GREEN, PURPLE    CHEST  DOUBLE FACTOR PASTEL GREEN, WHITE CHEST  DOUBLE FACTOR PASTEL GREEN, LILAC CHEST  BLUE, PURPLE CHEST  BLUE, WHITE CHEST  BLUE, LILAC CHEST  SINGLE FACTOR PASTEL BLUE, PURPLE CHEST  SINGLE FACTOR PASTEL BLUE, WHITE CHEST  SINGLE FACTOR PASTEL BLUE, LILAC CHEST  DOUBLE FACTOR PASTEL BLUE, PURPLE CHEST  DOUBLE FACTOR PASTEL BLUE, WHITE CHEST  DOUBLE FACTOR PASTEL BLUE, LILAC CHEST
TALKATIVE  is “Your” info blog. Here You can read questions, talks and comments about experiences, tips, new product launches or other news you want to know... … not only about canaries and finches, also about parrots and parakeets and miscellaneous topics of the birdworld. TALKATIVE is constantly being expanded and updated. In TALKATIVE You can find anything for inspiration and advice for your own bird breeding and bird keeping. continue reading...> 
Birds2u-Online-Store with a lot of reasonable offers, such as books, magazines, food, cages, equipments and many other products for Your bird! Have a look...>
W. Hagelberg's zoologischer Hand-Atlas              
was published between 1879-1881. The second part (Part B) includes the part AVES. It’s a collection of 285 rare bird illustrations read more>