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GLOSSY BLACK-COCKATOO

 THE  GLOSSY BLACK-COCKATOO 

Of the total of more than10,000 species of birds, many species have to be lucky to spread on several continents. The most famous species is certainly the House Sparrow (Passer domesticus), whose numerous occurrence from Europe to Asia is known. Other species are only native or restricted to a certain country or local area. Reasons for this may be different, e.g. environment, food reserves, natural predators etc. This can make the survival for certain animal species (not only birds) very difficult and dangerous. A country for this especially fact is Australia. Numerous species in this country are endangered because of certain influences.                                                These includes, inter alia the Glossy                                                Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus                                                lathami halmaturinus), for me the most                                                magnificent and majestic cockatoos in                                                the birdlife Australia, I hereby would like                                                to pay attention. This subspecies is an                                                isolated population in South Australia                                                and occurs nowadays only on Kangaroo                                                Island. Already in the 70s Glossy Black-                                                Cockatoos had disappeared from the                                                Mount Lofty Ranges, mainly because of                                                deforestation of its habitat. At that time,                                                no more than 150 birds were counted. In their habitat Glossy Black-Cockatoos show a narrow dependence on woodlands dominated by high quality Drooping Sheoak (Allocasuarina verticillata) or in open forests where the trees form a substantial middle layer. The main food is exclusively the seed of this tree. Noteworthy is the observation that one Glossy Black-Cockatoo need every day about 80 cones and spend around 30-40% of the day feeding, that only in the non-breeding time. In the breeding period are more than 120 cones required. Also important for their living needs are large hollows bearing eucalypts, as roosting and nesting habitat. By felling the Allocasuarina trees the Black Glossy- Cockatoos also disappeared from these regions. Due to the sparse habitat are also not nests enough available, because other species of birds and animals (e.g. Brushtail Possums and other parrots) need the same suitable nest hollows. A Recovery Plan for the South Australian supspecies of the Glossy Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami halmaturinus)  from the “Department for Environment and Heritage Kangaroo Island”  has been established to protect the last existing birds (about 356 birds/ census in 2014 ) in nature from extinction. Among others, effective actions taken to defense against predation by brushtail possums and the installation of enough hollows have been successful carried out. Also  around 90 hectares of Glossy Black- Cockatoo feeding and nesting habitat have been re-established through activity by the Glossy Black-Cockatoo Rescue Fund, a component of the “Glossy Black-Cockatoo Recovery Program” initiated by the Kangaroo Island community in 1993. Main objectives are that a viable breedingpopulation of the Glossy Black-Cockatoo persists in South Australia and to shift the status of the Glossy Black- Cockatoo from endangered to vulnerable within 25 years (by 2030).
About the ACTP:  The “Association for the Conservation of Threatened Parrots e.V.” (ACTP e.V., also called ACT-Parrot e.V.) is located near Berlin / Germany. It is a registered non-profit organization. Protecting endangered parrots from illegal trading and breeding of endangered parrots for the reintroduction into the wild are two main goals of the ACTP e.V. More about ACTP: http://www.act-parrots.org/mission-ziele/
Special headlines made the Glossy Black-Cockatoo in October 2015. First time legal export of Glossy Black-Cockatoos from Australia to Germany was carried out. The result of a successful initiative between the “Association for the Conservation of Threatened Parrots (ACTP)” and  the “Priam Psittaculture Centre Research & Breeding (PPC)” have thus made history in the birdlife Australia. The aim is a successful cooperation for a breeding project outside Australia.
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