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DETAILDED STANDARD DESCRIPTION FOR

GOULDIAN FINCHES IN EXHIBITIONS

For breeding any kinds of birds for exhibitions is the memorize of the standard image with the detailed description the first requirement. The standard sets one ideal image, but it is hardly possible to satisfy 100% of the requirements. 100 points will be awarded for achieving the perfect standard image. As a rule, a judging is made according to the following score. Nevertheless, there are exceptions that justify a lower or higher scoring. It depends inter alia from the quantity and quality of birds in exhibitions, but also from the significance of the respective exhibition. 94-93 pts. = Champion/ Best in Show 92-90 pts. = very good 89-87 pts. = good 86-84 pts. = sufficient 83-… pts. = not sufficient, thus not not suitable for an exhibition
Posture: The Gouldian Finch must sit quietly on the perch. Between the perch and the abdomen a clear space must be visible. The wings must be tight along the body being carried; the wing tips should close on the tail. The linear axis of the body should form an angle of about 45° with the horizontal line. A slightly better show posture should be 60°. In this case the bird should not show a hollow back. The position of the legs may be wide, but definitely not narrow.
Feathering: The feathering must be complete, clean and tightly closed.
Beak: The beak is conical, without damage (cracks, scaly, overbeak, sign of beak clipping etc.). Upper and lower beak should be closed well together, in which the upper beak encloses the lower beak. The line from skull to beak has a smooth course. The beak must be in correct proportion with the head and should not be distended on the upper beak.
Legs: The legs must be straight, standing firmly and clean and / or without any deformities or defects (roughened, scaley,  etc.) The toes must be complete (include nails) and firmly grip the perch. Every toe is slightly curved. Nail should not be worn sideways and must be without any defects, include sign of nail clipping.
Markings: - Mask: In the red-headed and orange-headed Gouldian Finches the mask stretches from the basis of the beak up to the crown, continues through behind the eye and the whole cheek region. It is bordered by the headband and the throat spot. In the black-headed Gouldian Finch, the mask, the headband and the throat spot form one unity. The mask must be tight and evenly coloured, without any colour nuances.
- Headband: In the red-headed and orange-headed Gouldian Finch, there is a narrow, at least 1 to 2 mm closed headband around the mask. This headband must to be tight, forming one unity with the throat spot.
- Throat Spot: The throat spot runs sharply below the insertion of the lower beak, extends over the chin and throat and runs into each other with the headband.
- Throat Band: The throat band is a single-coloured band, and surrounded the mask and the throat spot. The throat band, which is located between the throat spot and the chest, must be narrow in shape and have a sharp separation with the throat spot and the chest. The transition area is on the back of the head; this is tightly bounded at the front by the headband. To the rear it gradually flows into the feather of the nape.
- Chest: The chest marking extends from the throat band to a line running from one bend of wing to another bend of wing, where there is a sharp and clearly colour separation from the belly. The chest colour must be tight and evenly coloured without any colour nuances or a parted chest plumage.
Coverts of Coccygeal and Upper Tail The feathering of the coccygeal and the upper tail has an edging which resulting in a regular scales pattern.
Tail: Non-elongated Tail Pins: The non-elongated tail pins have at the end, narrow edging. Elongated Tail Pins (Middle Tail Feathers): The elongated middle tail feathers have been thin extended. In a male the middle tail feathers must be 25 to 45 mm longer. In a female the middle tail feathers are only 10 to 25 mm lengthened. The length must be in proportion to the bird.
Shape: A gouldian finch must have a sturdy shape. Seen from the side, the chest line must be regularly curved from the neck to the insertion of the legs. Behind the legs this line goes almost straight to the tail end. The line of the back should form a nearly straight line from the back of the head to the end of the tail. From the front, the chest is rather broad with smooth curves. The mutual body relationships may not interfere with each other. The elongated tail feathers give the gouldian finch a slender impression.
Size: The size of the Gouldian Finch must be minimum 11 cm. It is measured between the beak tip and the tail end, without the extended tail feathers.
Condition: A good physical condition is a prerequisite. The gouldian finch must have a healthy and lively expression and be without mutilations or other defects. The eyes are clear and lively. Also the feathers around the vent must be clean and completed. A bird in a not good condition, it may never qualify for a high score.
Head & Eye: The head must form a round, curved line without flattening. From the front the head must have a good width. The head must also be in one good relationship with the rest of the body. The eyes must set on the center line of the head as well as clear and round.
45° - 60°
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