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While in America the specie Lonchura straita var.

domestica is named as Society Finch, indicated in other

countries the name the origin. Of all the names the

designation Society Finch is more accurate, because

they are extremely sociable natures.

The Society Finch is the oldest domesticated finch. The origin of these specie came from China, not from Japan and is in this phenomenon not present in the nature, only in captivity. The oral history tells that the first Society Finches were bred between the 15th and 16th centuries. Probably the breeding of the Society Finch began with the overcrossing in the specie of the White-rumped Munias (Lonchura striata), namely the Lonchura striata swinhoei, Lonchura striata subsquamicollis and the Lunchura striata acuticauda. Also a DNA study found that it was related to the specie Lonchura striata (White-rumped Munia), But also incrossings of other species of the genus Lonchuras are kept for probable. In 1705 the first Society Finches came from China to Japan and in 1860 the first birds came by Japanese exports to Europe. These days the Society Finch is the result of many in- and overcrossings in the course of the past centuries, developed to a fertile hybrid and selected with special behaviours. They are suitable as foster parents for many exotic finches. Nevertheless breeders in the whole world strictly distinguish three types of Society Finches:   1. American Society Finches 2. Japanese Society Finches 3. European Society Finches Despite the common ancestors the Society Finches show in the different continents differences in shape, appearance and behaviors. A result of the likely different breeding goals and so various selections. Especially in Europe, over the years a special exhibition bird was bred with a great shape, better and more intense colour, similar to the English budgerigars. Perhaps this is the reason that the Europeans are often unreliable breeders and show no good parental characteristics for their own chicks. For this reason they are unsuitable as foster parents for any exotic finches. The American and the Japanese Society Finches have better parents characteristics. They are easy to manage, keen to reproduce and very suitable as foster parents. Exactly the opposite is reportet about the Europeans Society Finches. But also some mutations of the Japanese Society Finches are beautiful in colour and size and show better markings. Each comparison is a matter of taste of each breeder, but if we compare all the characteristics of the Society Finches with other exotic finch species, they are recommended for every newbie in aviculture.

SOCIETY FINCH (Lonchura straita var. domestica)

Euro Society Finch (black-brown)
Euro Society Finch (chestnut)
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