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Family: Estrildidae Genus: Neochmia  Preferred Scientific Name Neochmia ruficauda [clarescens] (Gould, 1837) Preferred Common Name Star Finch Other Common Names Red-faced Star Finch    Red-faced Grassfinch Other Scientific Names Bathilda ruficauda   International Common Names English:   Star Finch Spanish:  Diamante Starfinch, Diamante de Estrellas,  Diamante Ruficauda French:  Diamant à Queue Rousse Local Common Names Czech: Germany: Binsenastrild, Binsenamadine Italy: Diamante Codarossa, Diamante Ruficauda Netherlands: Binsenastrild Turkey: USA:  Status:  Size, Weight: about 10 - 11 cm Ring size:  Note: In the literature, two subspecies of Neochmia ruficauda are listed: 1. The nominate form Neochmia ruficauda ruficauda, which is probably extinct. 2. Neochmia ruficauda clarescens. This subspecies is characterized by the intensive body colouration of the nominate form. Additionally the red mask is extended. Both subspecies were initially present in captivity and however, over time greatly mixed so that today pure lines subspecies are not available. Because for exhibiting and breeding the intensive coloured birds were preferred, the nominate race is hardly to find. Described here is the most frequently exhibited subspecies Neochima ruficauda clarescens. Habitat: AUSTRALIA, Northern and Northwestern Australia and northern Queensland. General: The male shows a general olive-brown colour above and is mildly browner on the wings. The uppertail coverts are dull carmine and tipped with a large white and suffused pink spot on any feather. The central pair of tailfeathers are dull carmine, remainder dusky-brown washed dull carmine on outer webs. The whole forehalf of head, ear coverts, chin and upper throat are crimson. Additionally are the ear coverts and upper throat with tiny rounded white spots. The lower throat, foreneck and sides of the body are light olive-grey with a white spot near tip of each feather. The center of breast and abdomen are yellowish-white, but paler on the undertail coverts. The beak is red, legs and feet are yellowish. The eyes are red. The female has clear differences in the plumage colour. The colour pattern is generally duller than in male, additionally less crimson on head and a smaller mask. The Star Finch is nowadays a common aviary bird. They can be kept as a colony or in single pairs.The bond between the pair is very tights. This species has mutations, such as yellow-headed and pastel, brown (isabel) and also pied. Number of eggs: 3 - 6 Incubation period:  12 - 14 days Nestlings leaving nest after 15 - 17 days




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