CANARIES

GENERAL & HISTORY

The Canary bird is a domesticated form (Serinus canaria forma domestica) of the wild Canary,  (Serinus canaria), a small songbird. The wild Canary lives on the Canary Islands, Azores and Madeira. This islands are located just off the northwest coast of mainland Africa, 100 km west of the border between Morocco and the Western Sahara. The first Canaries were bred in captivity in the 17th century. The birds were brought over by Spanish sailors to Europe. Monks began to breeding them and sold only the males. Eventually Italians obtained the first hens in Europe and were able to breed the birds themselves. The first birds were very expensive and only owned by the rich. The birds were very popular in Europe and throughout the years local bird breeders in every country altered the appearance of the birds through selective breeding methods.

Below an overview over the development of the Coloured and the Type Canaries.

                  

HISTORICAL OVERVIEW TYPE CANARIES 

1. Little Smooth-Feathered Canaries ca 1750 German Crest; Germany ca 1750 Lizard; France, but developed in England ca 1830 Border Fancy; in the “Border” region of South-Scotland and North-England ca 1920 Gloster Fancy; engl. county Gloucestershire ca 1931 Spanish Raza; Spain ca 1950 Fife Fancy; scotish county Fife 2. Great Smooth-Feathered Canaries end of the 16th century Norwich; engl. countyNorwich ca 1780 - 1820 Lancashire; engl. county Lancashire ca 1850 Yorkshire; engl. county Yorkshire ca 1870 - 1890 Crest/Crestbred; England ca 1880 Bernois / Berner; Bern/Switzerland before 1950 Spanish Llarguet; spanish provinces Castelo and Valencia 3. Bent Canaries begin of he 19th century Scotch Fancy; Glasgow/Scotland ca 1800 Belgian Canary, Belgium ca 1900 Munchener; Munich/Germany ca 1925 Japanese Hoso; Japan ca 1980 Rheinlaender; Hilden/Rhineland of Germany 4. Frilled/Frise Canaries ca 1850 Parisian Frill; Paris/France ca 1900 North Frilled Canary; northern France ca 1955 Padovan/Paduan; Padua/Italy ca 1982 Florin/Fiorino; Florence/Italy ca 1983 Mehringer; Mehring/Germany ca 1991 Italian Gigant Frill/Arricciato Gigante Italiano (AGI); Italy 5. Bent & Frilled/Frise Canaries ca 1850 Melado Tenerife/Melado Tinerfeno; Tenerife/Spain ca 1900 Swiss Frill; Switzerland ca 1920 South Frilled Canary/South Dutch Frilled; southern France ca 1920 Makige Frill; Japan ca 1950 Gibber Italicus; southern Italy ca 1980 Spanish Giboso/Giboso Espanol; Spain

HISTORICAL OVERVIEW COLOUR CANARIES

ca 1667 WHITE DOMINANT; GERMANY / 1914 in East Prussia/Germany after the          extinction rediscovered. ca 1700 BROWN (CINNAMON); Germany ca 1725 AGATE; disappeared for many years, but rediscovered in 1910 in Netherland. ca 1908 WHITE RECESSIVE; simultaneously in England and New Zealand 1915 RED FACTOR; Transfer of genes by crossing the Red Siskin (Carduelis cucullata)         with the Canary by the German breeders Mr. Balser, Fulda/Germany                and Mr. Dahms, Koenigsberg/Germany MOSAIK (DIMORPHIC); emerged from the development of hybrids between   Red Siskin x Canary.1976 was also bred the Type II                                         1949 OPAL; by the breeder Mr. Rosner, Fuerth/Germany 1950 IVORY (LIPOCHROM-PASTEL); by the breeder Mr. P. J. Helder, Netherland 1957 MELANIN PASTEL; by the breeder Mr. H. Kollen, Netherland and developed through     selective breeding to the GREYWINGS (1968) 1964 PHAEO; by the breeder Mr. Jean Pierre Ceuppens, Belgium 1966 SATINET or SATINETTE: Netherland ca 1970 OPTICAL BLUE FACTOR; Italy 1976 TOPAZ; by the breeder Mr. Asheri, Italy 1981 EUMO; by the breeder Mr. Haaff, Netherland 1986 ONYX; by the breeder Mr. Liorens, Spain 1994 COBALT; by the breeder Mr. Karl-Werner Weber, Ulm/Germany                 
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