GENERAL & HISTORY
The Canary bird is a domesticated form (Serinus canaria forma domestica) of the
wild Canary, (Serinus canaria), a small songbird. The wild Canary lives on the
Canary Islands, Azores and Madeira. This islands are located just of the
northwest coast of mainland Africa, 100 km west of the border between Morocco
and the Western Sahara. The first Canaries were bred in captivity in the 17th
century. The birds were brought over by Spanish sailors to Europe.
Monks began to breeding them and sold only the males. Eventually Italians
obtained the first hens in Europe and were able to breed the birds themselves.
The first birds were very expensive and only owned by the rich. The birds were
very popular in Europe and throughout the years local bird breeders in every
country altered the appearance of the birds through selective breeding methods.
Below an overview over the development of the Coloured and the Type Canaries.
1. Little Smooth-Feathered Canaries
ca 1750 German Crest; Germany
ca 1750 Lizard; France, but developed in England
ca 1830 Border Fancy; in the “Border” region of South-Scotland and North-England
ca 1920 Gloster Fancy; engl. county Gloucestershire
ca 1931 Spanish Raza; Spain
ca 1950 Fife Fancy; scotish county Fife
2. Great Smooth-Feathered Canaries
end of the 16th century Norwich; engl. countyNorwich
ca 1780 - 1820 Lancashire; engl. county Lancashire
ca 1850 Yorkshire; engl. county Yorkshire
ca 1870 - 1890 Crest/Crestbred; England
ca 1880 Bernois / Berner; Bern/Switzerland
before 1950 Spanish Llarguet; spanish provinces Castelo and Valencia
3. Bent Canaries
begin of he 19th century Scotch Fancy; Glasgow/Scotland
ca 1800 Belgian Canary, Belgium
ca 1900 Munchener; Munich/Germany
ca 1925 Japanese Hoso; Japan
ca 1980 Rheinlaender; Hilden/Rhineland of Germany
4. Frilled/Frise Canaries
ca 1850 Parisian Frill; Paris/France
ca 1900 North Frilled Canary; northern France
ca 1955 Padovan/Paduan; Padua/Italy
ca 1982 Florin/Fiorino; Florence/Italy
ca 1983 Mehringer; Mehring/Germany
ca 1991 Italian Gigant Frill/Arricciato Gigante Italiano (AGI); Italy
5. Bent & Frilled/Frise Canaries
ca 1850 Melado Tenerife/Melado Tinerfeno; Tenerife/Spain
ca 1900 Swiss Frill; Switzerland
ca 1920 South Frilled Canary/South Dutch Frilled; southern France
ca 1920 Makige Frill; Japan
ca 1950 Gibber Italicus; southern Italy
ca 1980 Spanish Giboso/Giboso Espanol; Spain
ca 1667 WHITE DOMINANT; GERMANY / 1914 in East Prussia/Germany after the
ca 1700 BROWN (CINNAMON); Germany
ca 1725 AGATE; disappeared for many years, but rediscovered in 1910 in Netherland.
ca 1908 WHITE RECESSIVE; simultaneously in England and New Zealand.
1915 RED FACTOR; Transfer of genes by crossing the Red Siskin (Carduelis cucullata)
with the yellow canary in Germany.
MOSAIK Type I (DIMORPHIC); emerged from the development of hybrids between
Red Siskin x Canary.1976 was also bred the Type II.
1949 OPAL; by the breeder Mr. Rosner, Fuerth/Germany.
1950 IVORY (LIPOCHROM-PASTEL); by the breeder Mr. P. J. Helder, Netherland.
1957 MELANIN PASTEL; by the breeder Mr. H. Kollen, Netherland and developed through
selective breeding to the GREYWINGS (1968).
1964 PHAEO; by the breeder Mr. Jean Pierre Ceuppens, Belgium.
1966 SATINET or SATINETTE: Netherland
ca 1970 OPTICAL BLUE FACTOR; Italy
1976 TOPAZ; by the breeder Mr. Asheri, Italy.
1981 EUMO; by the breeder Mr. Haaff, Netherland.
1986 ONYX; by the brothers Louis and Fernando Belver Llorens, Valencia/Spain.
1994 COBALT; by the breeder Mr. Karl-Werner Weber, Ulm/Germany.
Publication of this website
20 March 2012
30 March; 07 April;12 April;
22 April; 08 May; 20 May;
12 June; 23 June; 27 June;
07 July; 27 July; 26 Aug.;
24 Dec.; 03 May 2013;
30 May; 11 July: 24. August;
18 Dec.; 05 February 2014;
13 March; 19 May; 24 May;
16 June; 11 Sept.; 26 Sept.;
07 Oct.; 27 Oct.; 15 Jan. 2015
07 April; 03 May; 16 June;
29 July; 12 Sept.; 04 Nov.;
01 Dec.; 2016 26 Feb.;
13 April; 19 July;
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